Puruchuco is an archaeological complex in Peru that was an administrative center of the Inca period (1440-1532). The construction of this architectural complex comes from the Inca culture. Puruchuco is located in the sector of Huaquerones, a terrain of pyramids with a ramp that contains one of the largest cemeteries of the Inca culture. There are also complex areas such as San Juan de Pariachi and Huaycán. Of these, Puruchuco is the smallest. Therefore, although this monument was the palace of a curaca (ruler) where he lived and administered, it must have been subordinated to other curacas with greater responsibility and power. It was excavated and restored by Arturo Jiménez Borja between 1959 and 1961.
Located in the district of Ate Vitarte in Lima.
The attractions are:
Puruchuco was the palace or residence of a Curaca (ruler), the highest local authority linked to the Inca occupation in the Lima valley, where he and his family lived. As a public building, it served as a center for the collection of products, processing and redistribution of these goods. And as at that time, everything that happened was framed in a ceremonial calendar, a part of this building was dedicated to religious activities. For this reason, the architects who designed Puruchuco divided it into 4 sectors: A, B, C and D, according to the use that each of them had.
Seen from the architectural point of view, Puruchuco gathers the constructive tradition of the Ichsmas (culture that developed during the Late Intermediate period -900 to 1450 A.D.- in the Rimac and Lurin valleys) and of the Incas, who came later. From them they took the materials and construction techniques as well as some of their designs, such as the Pyramids with Ramp, explained above.
Very close to the "Palace" of Puruchuco there are a series of mausoleums built with stone and located on the slope of the same hill where this monument was built. In June 1956, one of these mausoleums was found by chance with its contents intact. The archaeologist E. Tabío, at the express request of Jiménez Borja, participated in its excavation and reported on it in his book published in 1965.
Around 1450, Pachacutec defeated the Chancas, his main rivals, in a war and became the ninth ruler of Cusco. This triumph strengthens the Incas and makes it possible for Pachacutec to organize an imperial state. A few years later they reach the central coast of Peru (formed by the valleys of Lurin, Rimac and Chillon), annexing it to the Tawantinsuyu.
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