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Climate of the Coast

The Peruvian coast features the shape of an extensive desert lying against the mountains, which is why it has a unique climate. Discover here what the climate is like on the Peruvian coast.
clima y geografia de la costa peruana
The coast of Peru borders the Pacific Ocean.

The Peruvian coast ranges from mild temperatures and clear skies to refreshing winds and rare tropical rains. The presence of the Andes to the east, along with the cold Humboldt Current reaching its shores, gives the area its characteristic arid and dry climate.

Provinces of Peru

The Peruvian coast is composed of several provinces, each with its own charm and characteristic climate. There are 11 provinces that make up the coast of Peru, including Tumbes, Piura, Lambayeque, La Libertad, Áncash, Callao, Lima, Ica, Arequipa, Moquegua, and Tacna. These provinces enjoy a privileged view over the glorious Mar de Grau, the maritime territory of Peru.

To the north, Tumbes captivates you with its tropical climate and pristine beaches. Piura is famous for its warm sunny days and beautiful sand dunes. Lambayeque immerses you in its pre-Columbian history and temperate climate. La Libertad surprises you with its archaeological ruins and sunny climate.

In the center, Áncash is home to the majestic Cordillera Blanca and cool mountain climate. Callao, with its active port and warm, humid climate. Lima, the bustling capital, offers a mild and foggy climate ideal for exploring its rich culture. Ica is known for its impressive sand dunes and arid climate.

The south consists of: Arequipa, the White City, welcomes you with its colonial architecture and temperate climate. Moquegua, with its fertile valleys and subtropical climate. Tacna, with its border history and desert climate.

Each province of the Peruvian coast has its own charm and characteristic climate, waiting to be discovered by adventurous tourists. It is also important to note that each province may belong to more than one region, meaning a single province can have coast, highlands, or jungle within its territory.

vacations in peru 9 days vacations in peru 9 days

Seasons of the Year on the coast

In coastal Peru, the seasons of the year are quite mild, but each has features that make them identifiable.

  • In the summer (December to March), temperatures tend to be warmer, and the days are sunny and perfect for enjoying the beaches and outdoor activities.
  • In the winter (June to September), the climate is cooler and morning fogs may occur, especially in the capital, Lima. Temperatures are more moderate and pleasant for strolling through the streets.

Meanwhile, there are 2 seasons considered intermediate:

  • In the autumn (April and May), temperatures begin to gradually decrease, providing a cooler and more comfortable climate after the heat of summer.
  • In the spring (October and November), on the other hand, marks the gradual return of warmer temperatures and sunny days, setting the stage for the high tourism season.

It is important to note that throughout the year, the climate on the Peruvian coast is generally stable and offers favorable conditions for tourism at any time.

Temperature on the coast

On the coast of Peru, the temperature varies depending on the region and time of year. During the summer, temperatures can reach up to 30 °C, while in winter they may drop to around 15 °C.

These variations offer a wide range of climatic experiences for tourists visiting the country. It is essential to consider these differences when planning outdoor activities and selecting the appropriate clothing to fully enjoy your trip.

Precipitation on the coast

In coastal Peru, precipitation is scarce throughout most of the year. However, in some areas, such as Tumbes, a more pronounced rainy season is experienced. It is significant to consider these patterns when planning your trip.

While the Peruvian coast is mostly dry, it is possible to encounter some rainfall, especially in certain regions and during specific periods of the year. It is advisable to carry a lightweight umbrella or a raincoat in case of unexpected rain, especially if you plan to visit areas more prone to precipitation.

Winds on the coast

On the coast of Peru, winds play a significant role in the climate. Southbound winds often bring cool and moist conditions, especially during the winter. These winds can affect outdoor activities and navigation along the coast.

Conversely, during the summer, winds tend to be milder, creating more pleasant conditions for enjoying the beaches and other outdoor activities. It is important to consider this when planning your trip to the Peruvian coast, especially if you plan to engage in activities like surfing or sailing.

What Type of Clothing to Bring?

When visiting the coast of Peru, it is crucial to carry appropriate clothing to adapt to the varied climate. Here are some suggestions:

  1. Light and cool clothing: For warm summer days, opt for t-shirts, shorts, and light dresses.
  2. Sunscreen and hat: Protect your skin from the sun with broad-spectrum sunscreen and a wide-brimmed hat.
  3. Light jackets: Even in summer, evenings can be cool, so bring a light jacket for cooler nights.
  4. Comfortable footwear: Choose comfortable sandals or light shoes for walking, especially if you plan to explore the coastal cities or beaches.
  5. Swimsuit and towel: Don't forget to pack your swimsuit and a towel to enjoy the beautiful beaches along the Peruvian coast.