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Geography & Weather

Peruvian Geography

Peru is traditionally divided into three regions: Coast, Highlands and Jungle. However, the reality is much richer and more complex: in Peru, nature seems to adopt particular characteristics that turn its mountain massifs, plateaus, jungles and valleys into unique habitats. An extraordinary variety of ecosystems that are home to the most diverse animal and plant species.
Size: With 1,285,215 km2, Peru is the third largest country in South America, after Brazil and Argentina, making it one of the 20 largest countries in the world. Peru is politically organized into 24 departments (Amazonas, Ancash, Apurímac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huánuco, Ica, Junín, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima-Provincias, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno, San Martín, Tacna, Tumbes and Ucayali), in addition to Callao, a constitutional province.
Population: Peru is a country of all bloods. Throughout its history, Peru has been the meeting point of different races and cultures. About 500 years ago, the Spaniards joined the native population. As a result of this encounter, later enriched by the migration of blacks, Asians and Europeans, Peruvian man emerged as the representative of a nation whose ethnic richness is one of its most important characteristics. The population estimated by the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI) is 30 million inhabitants of which 72.3% live in urban areas and 37.8% in rural areas.

Weather in Peru

The climate in Peru varies according to the place and time, so we have that on the coast it almost never rains, this is characterized by dense fog and light drizzle between May and November that produce cold sensation, although the average annual temperature fluctuates between 14ºC and 18ºC.
CuscoPeru.com recommends visiting this area in summer between December and April, as the humidity decreases and the sun shines brightly.
We invite you to know the Peruvian highlands and jungle without knowing that there is a dry and optimal season for the traveler that is between May and October, season in which sunny days abound, likewise we can find rainy days between December and March.
CuscoPeru.com recommends you to visit the highlands because it has a dry and cool climate almost all year round, with an average annual temperature between 9ºC and 18ªC, while the jungle has a tropical climate with temperatures between 26ºC and 40ªC.

Climate of the Coast

The Peruvian coast has the shape of an extensive desert lying in the mountains. And it is precisely the presence of the Andes to the…

Climate of the Jungle

Tropical vegetation zone of the Amazon River basin, where the largest nature reserves are located.

Climate of the Sierra

Mountainous area dominated by the Andes Mountains. It reaches 6,768 m.a.s.l. at the summit of Huascarán.
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