The wild flora of this region is particularly diverse, comprising species from 9 different life zones, including species typical of the Andean forests, such as Polylepissp, in the higher elevations, to epiphytes, shrubs and palms typical of the montane forests at lower altitudes. The main taxonomic groups are pteridophytes (ferns), gymnosperms, monocotyledons, dicotyledons, cryptogams, orchids, poaceae, trees, moraceae, symplocaceae, polylepis (rosaceae), ericaceae, vascular and non-vascular flora.
Despite serious environmental conflicts, it has meant the recovery of wildlife in some sectors. The recent presence of individuals such as the "spectacled bear" (Tremarctosornatus) and "mayu puma" (Lontralongicaudis), at km 107 and 112, is a positive testimony.
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