It is June 24 and Cusco is at its peak. It is the month when Cusco receives more tourists than the rest of the year. There is the opportunity to do much more, to meet people from different places and exchange experiences and anecdotes.
Every June 24, the day when the sun is at its most distant point from the earth and which also coincides with the winter solstice, the Inti Raymi or "feast of the Sun" is celebrated in Sacsayhuaman, of fundamental importance in the Inca period. It is the day that feels colder in Cusco, the weather in the morning is sunny. It is freezing weather, so it is always recommended to wear something warm for when night falls.
The representation of each of the artists is impeccable. "Nivardo Carrillo" is the name of the one who plays the Inca. All these actors and actresses are Cusqueños by birth and will be dressed in Inca costumes, mostly made of sheep wool, alpaca, etc.. Just as it was in Inca times.
Andean chants are heard in Quechua, adorations to the "Sun God". The ¨Acllas¨ women of singular beauty chosen to serve the Inca and the Sun God or Inti, are in charge of worshipping their god with sweet voices. The Inca speaks with the sun, also in Quechua, as in ancient times.
There are 3 places of great importance in the city of Cusco: The greeting to the sun, in the ancient Temple of Qorikancha, today the Convent of Santo Domingo. Then comes the meeting of two times, in the Haucaypata or Plaza Mayor, between the Inca and the current Mayor of Cusco. And finally the central ceremony takes place in the "Esplanade of Saqsayhuaman".
Finally, it is worth mentioning that the law N° 27431, dated March 3, 2001, recognizes that the "Inti Raymi" celebrated on June 24 of each year in the city of Cusco, Historical Capital of Peru, constitutes Cultural Patrimony of the Nation, Official Act and Main Ritual Ceremony of National Identity.
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