Ecology in Machu Picchu
It is located in Machu Picchu district in Urubamba province.
The conservancy area covers almost all Machu Picchu historical sanctuary that is why all the biodiversity can be observed along all the routes that lead to Machu Picchu.
The SHM covers an area of 32,592 hectares and is located in an area of exceptional geographical features. It can be found from snowy peaks above 6,000 meters, to the more humid and hot Urubamba River (which divides the sanctuary into two, forming the barrel of Torontoy) below 2,000 m His strong gradient, enhanced by the complex system of winds that fosters, creates microclimates that are a source of great biodiversity.
The wild flora in this region is particularly diverse. It has species from 9 different living zones, including typical species from the Andean woods such as Polylepissp in the high areas to epifitas, bushes and palm trees typical in the montanos woods at a lower altitude. The major taxonomic groups are pteridofitos (fern), gimnospermas, monocotiledoneas, dicotiledoneas, criptogamas, orchids, poaceas, trees, moraceae, symplocaceae, polylepis (rosaceae), ericacea, vascular and non vascular flora.
Although the environmental conflicts, it has been significant the recovery of the wild fauna in some sectors. The recent presence of individuals such as the “oso de antejos” (Bear with glasses) (Tremarctosornatus) and “mayu puma” (Lontralongucaudis), at 107 and 112 Km is a positive testimonial.
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