Located in the Colca Valley to the northeast corner of the province Arequipa in Caylloma.
The Colca River extends over 450 km in the eastern slopes of the Andes, along its route changes its name to Majes river then becomes the river Camana. The Colca Valley is for the first portion of the basin of this river and it is there where the Colca Canyon is.
An important point to mention is that in 2005 the Polish mathematician and expeditionary Pietowski Andrew announced that in the area adjacent to the town of Quillo Orco, in the district of Huambo, the depth of Colca Canyon reached 4160 m on the side north and 3600 meters on the south side. A previous measurement was made in 1981 as the depth of 3250 m.
As for the settlement of these valleys, it is believed that the first inhabitants arrived here about 8000 years ago and found traces of more than 5000 years in the cave Sumbay. Then, 3000 years ago, there was a Neolithic revolution when villagers improved their instruments and extraction techniques. Currently preciar terraces can be over 1000 years old that are still used for agriculture.
The viewpoint of the cross of the condor: This place is in the privileged district Cabanaconde. From this viewpoint you can see the walls and bottom of the canyon. In addition, you can often see the flight of the condor, as these are used to human presence.
Hot springs: From Caylloma to Canco there are hot springs with a maximum temperature of 85 ° C at the start of the spring. Among the best known of these are the hot springs of La Calera, located near Chivay.
Flora and fauna: The most important inhabitant is more remarkable is the condor (Vultur gryphus), fond of heights and the largest flying bird in the Andes. Also worth mentioning are the Leque Leque (vanellus resplendens) Guallatas (Chloephaga melanoptera) pariguanas (Phoenicoparrus andinus) among mammals and can mention or atoq Andean fox, the skunk or Anas, wild cats or osjos, vicuna, taruca, vizcacha, wild guinea pig, among others.
Terraces: The cultural manifestations of the pre-Hispanic inhabitants of the Colca Valley are the platforms, which are huge terraces that cover much of the valley. Its construction dates back to the time of the Collaguas and Canaguas, others are older and others belong were built by the Incas.
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