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Geography & Weather of Peru

Peruvian Geography

Peru is divided into three regions: Costa, Sierra and Selva. Although the reality is far more rich and complex: in Peru, nature appears to adopt characteristics that make its mountain ranges, its plateaus, jungles and valleys into unique habitats. An extraordinary variety of eco-systems shelters diversity of animals and plants.


With 1,285,215 km2, Peru is the third largest country in South America, after Brazil and Argentina, ranking it among the 20 largest countries in the world.

Peru is politically organized into 24 departments (Amazonas, Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ica, Junín, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima-Provinces, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco , Piura, Puno San Martin Tacna Tumbes and Ucayali), addition of Callao Constitutional Province.


Peru is a country of mixed. Throughout its history, Peru has been the meeting point of different races and cultures. The indigenous population was joined, about 500 years ago, the Spanish.

Result of this encounter, and later enriched by the migration of blacks, Asians and Europeans, Peruvian man emerged as the representative of a nation whose rich ethnic mix is one of its most important features.

The population estimate by the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI) is 30 million of which 72.3% live in urban areas and 37.8% in rural areas.


The climate in Peru varies according to time and place and on the coast we have almost never rains, this is characterized by the dense fog and light rains between May and November producing coolness, although the average annual temperature ranges from 14 º C and 18 º C.

CuscoPeru.com recommends that you visit this area in the summer months between December and April, as the humidity falls and the sun shines brightly.

We invite you to know the Peruvian highlands and the jungle but you have to know that there is a dry season and optimal for the traveler who is between May and October, season with abundant sunny days and rainy days we can find it between December and March.

CuscoPeru.com recommends visiting the mountains and having a cool, dry weather most of the year, with an average temperature between 9 º C and 18 º C, while the jungle has a tropical climate with temperatures between 26 º C and 40 º C.

Weather by regions

Weather on the Highlands (Sierra)

Mountainous area dominated by the Andes. Reaches 6768 m.s.n.m. at the summit of Huascaran...

Read more: Weather on the Highlands (Sierra)

Weather on The Peruvian Coast

The area surrounding the Pacific Ocean with deserts, beautiful beaches, and fertile valleys...

Read more: Weather on The Peruvian Coast

Weather in the Jungle

Tropical vegetation zone of the Amazon River basin, which houses the largest nature reserves...

Read more: Weather in the Jungle

useful information

A summary of necessary information for the traveler: Exchange, schedules, reference prices and much more.


tourist packages

Choose tours where you can appreciate breathtaking landscapes and vestiges of ancient cultures.


hotels & lodgings

Find accommodation for your stay in Cusco, from facilities in rural areas to five star hotels.



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