The town of Machu Picchu, formerly called Aguas Calientes. This name is derived from the hot springs located in the ravine that serves as the setting for the town, which congregate every evening hundreds of travelers, including those who conclude the Inca Trail and want to recover energy after the exhausting days of walking. Originally, the town consisted of a long "street" that extended on both sides of the railroad track (today's Imperio de los Incas Avenue). Over the years, the town grew (in a disorderly manner) covering a larger area, uphill. Today it has a main square (where the small church and the town hall are located) and a busy main street (Pachacutec Avenue) that winds its way to the baths located at the top of the ravine.
For travelers with enough time, nearby places to visit are:
Thermal Baths of Machu Picchu Pueblo
Only 800 meters from the center of town there are sulfurous hot springs at different temperatures that emerge from the rocky soil.
The conditioned pools in this place present the basic infrastructure for their use as thermal baths. Their average temperature is between 38ºC (100.4ºF) and 46ºC (114.8ºF). There are also lobbies, restrooms and a small snack bar.
Near the Mandor waterfall you will be able to see the Cock of the Rock, a typical national bird of the area, which in the mating season make noisy communal exhibitions; these winged rites are performed by the males while the females watch the show and then choose their partner. With luck you will be able to observe this natural show of unique characteristics.
The hot springs can be visited between 5:00 am and 8:00 pm.
For the Mandor waterfall the schedule is all day, since a family lives at the entrance.