Today, the Inti Raymi is held annually in Saqsaywaman, the day of San Juan, June 24. The same day is also the "Indian Day" or "Day of the Peasant" in Peru. The Inti Raymi was established in the festival calendar of Cusco since 1944 thanks to the enthusiasm of Dr. Cusqueño. Humberto Vidal Unda.
To date such representation or staging a script has documented, is held on the Esplanade of Sacsayhuaman and lately in scenarios like the Koricancha temple courtyard and the square of Cusco, from this square the Inca royal entourage moves to the esplanade of Sacsayhuaman where you can install easily at stands to give visitors and the local public is installed around occupying sites belonging to the archaeological site of Sacsayhuaman, viewers are more than 100,000.
The "Inti Raymi" or "Fiesta del Sol" was the biggest festivity, most important, spectacular and magnificent conducted in the days of the Empire of Tawantinsuyu which based its religion on the cult of Sun Inti Raymi that was made to worship the "Apu Inti" (Sun God), also known in some areas as "Apu P'unchau" (Good Day).
The Inca people continued secretly celebrating the feast from the Spanish authorities, and a mongrel called Garcilaso de la Vega compilled it in his famous Royal Commentaries, descriptions of this festival unique and incomparable.
The entrance to the Inca to Plaza de Armas or Saqsaywaman Esplanade was always governed by a group of "ajllas" that sprinkled flowers and accompanied by Pichaq, men who were responsible with straw brooms scare away evil spirits that might have on the road. The Inca in all outdoor activities was always accompanied by his "kumillo" or hunchback dwarf carrying the "Achiwa", sort of umbrella or parasol made of colored feathers.
Another part of the celebration of Inti Raymi was the New Fire ceremony. In this part of the ceremony was met Inca's order to put the fire in all the kitchens of Cusco and surroundings with the purpose of lighting the new fire that was distributed from a fire to all the kitchens of the city. This is why the cooks are experts not only in cooking but also in keeping the fire from the ashes.
On June 24 of every year is celebrated the winter solstice, in other words the beginning of the New Year of the Sun: The Inti Raymi.
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