The Peruvian jungle covers more than 50% of the total area of his territory, becoming the second country in the world with the largest Amazon rainforest after Brazil. The Peruvian jungle is also the origin of the largest by extension and by the discharge of water volume river in the world: the Amazon River (that descends from the highlands to the jungle).
Peru´s Rainforest is one of the richest places in the world where you can find an incredible biodiversity like numerous birds species, an uncountable number of plants much of them not yet discovered, edible fruits (3,00 approximately) and of course a massive quantity of Amazon natives, that borders approximately 250,00 distributed amongst 215 ethnic groups and more than 175 languages
The Peruvian government is very protective of this part of the territory, constantly creating new National Reservations with the purpose of preserve the diversity and richness of this incredible place.
The vast Peruvian jungle, bisected by the mighty Amazon River can be divided into two very distinct areas: the high jungle or mountain brow (above 700 m) which has a subtropical and temperate, with abundant rainfall (about 3000 mm per year) between November and March and sunny days from April to October, and the lowland (below 700 m) where the dry season occurs between April and October and is an ideal time for tourism, with sunshine and high temperatures, often above 35 ° C.
Between the months of April and October the river levels dip and roads are easily passable. The rainy season, however, between November and March, features frequent rain showers (at least one per day) that may cause damage to the terrestrial paths. The humidity in the jungle is very high throughout the year.
The most important rivers are:
- The Marañon River, that goes from the south in direction to the north, with an extension of 1200 miles approximately.
- The Ucayali River, that goes from southeast to northeast, with an extension of 995 miles approximately.
- The before mentioned Amazon river, the biggest river in the world with an extension of 4,00 miles approximately.
- The Huallaga river, that goes in the northeast direction, with an extension of 1080 miles approximately.
- The Urubamba river, the sacred river of the Incas, that goes in the northeast direction and pass through the world famous citadel of Machu Picchu.
In the south there are occasional "cold fronts" or "surazos" cold fronts from the south end of the continent that occur between the months of May and August when temperatures can drop to 8-12 ° C.
CuscoPeru.com recommends visiting the Peruvian jungle as the weather is hot and humid relatively constant throughout the year. The normal high temperature for the day is 31 ° C, the lowest at night is 17 ° C and humidity can be between 80-90%.