It was an important place and a major shrine, where water was worshipped with the care and veneration with which the Incas treated this element. Although there are still mysteries to be unraveled, the calm of the site, the sound of the water and the feeling of being close to the gods, subjugate the visitor.
This archaeological complex is located 24 km to the southeast of the main square of the city of Cusco.
The main sectors that make up Tipón are:
- Royal Enclosures and Gardens
Beautiful rooms and gardens built on the basis of megalithic stone blocks constituted the Royal House that Wiracocha ordered to build as a dwelling for his father Yahuar Huaca. This is the most beautiful and spacious group of the complex, it has beautiful fountains and gutters that to this day continue to pour water, which emerges from mysterious and secret subway channels. An ovoid construction in the form of a tower is located to the south of the platforms. From this place you can see the entire gorge with an impressive view.
Beautiful rooms of first quality with exquisite trapezoidal niches, from where you can visually embrace almost all of Tipon, are located a few meters from the main enclosures. They are located at a higher altitude on a mountainous elevation that protects the whole complex.
- Minor Enclosures
A personality of certain importance, but who did not belong to the nobility, must have lived in these enclosures. The rooms, located almost 1 km. away from the Intiwatana, are of lesser quality, but in spite of this, they show importance and solemnity. They are initially built of stone and finished in adobe.
- Viewpoint of Cusco
In the northern part of the archaeological site is a significant orogenic prominence that was, in ancient times, an important site for observation and signals. It has been called Cruz Moqo which means "summit where there is a cross" and at the same time QosqoQhawarina which means "from where you can see Cusco". It has been called this way because from this place you can see the western part of the city of Cusco. It was a place of abundant population during the Inca period, home of personalities with broad political and economic powers.
- The Wall
It is possible that the Tipon area was occupied by lordships that fought wars for many years and to make sure, they built colossal and extensive defensive walls, which undoubtedly took them many years of work. Subsequently, the wall had no purpose because all the regional kingdoms became part of the great Tahuantinsuyo Empire. It is worth mentioning the presence of the so-called "zarunas" or "salted steps" that appear in the walls of the platforms, in the form of huge lithic nails arranged as stairs, which were built to avoid occupying the space with the staircases. Archaeological group corresponding to the Inca period in which you can appreciate an exceptional irrigation system with horizontal vertical irrigation channels on stepped terraces, the water flows from the subsoil to a fountain from which it is distributed by the mentioned channels. It was an important agricultural production center.
Hours from Monday to Sunday: 07:00 to 18:00 hours.
Cost: Entrance included in the Tourist Ticket.