This archepological complex is located 24 km from Cusco’s main square (Southeast).
It was a very important place and a major shrine where they worshipped water as they took care and worshipped every element. Even though they have not solved some mysteries, the calm the place has and the sound of water and the sensation of being close to the gods make the visitor feel astonished.
The main areas that compound Tipon are:
Royal enclosures and gardens
Beautiful rooms and gardens that were built with megalithic blocks of stone were part of the royal house that Wiracocha had built as house for his father Yahuar Huaca. This is the most beautiful and detailed group of the complex. It has beautiful fountains and small channels where water continues flowing up to now. Mysterious and secret underground channels can be seen now. An ovoid tower is located to the south of the terraces from where all the gorge can be beautifully seen.
They are beautiful first class rooms with trapezoidal niches from where you can see almost all tipon. It is located a few meters from the main enclosures and at a higher altitude over a small hill that protects the complex.
Someone important but who did not belong to royalty must have lived here. The rooms ar located almost 1 km from Intiwatana and they have lower quality but despite of that, they are still outstanding. They are initially built of stone with adobe finish.
In the northern side of the archeological complex there is a significant prominence that was an important checkpoint. It is called Cruz Moqo that means "summit where there is a cross" and at the same time Qosqo Qhawarina that means "from where Cusco can be seen". It is called like that because western Cusco can be seen from there. It was a very populated place during Inca time. Widely powerful, politically and economically, people lived here.
It is possible that Tipon was occupied by personalities that fought wars during many years and to ensure that, they built colossal and vast defensive walls that surely took many years of work. Late, the wall was useless because all the regional kingdoms became part of Tahuantinsuyo great empire. It is important to highlight that the ones called "zurnas" or overhanging steps that appear on the terraces' walls and that were like enormous lithic cloves distributed as stairs, were built in order to avoid taking space with the stairways. This archeological site belongs to the Inca period where an irrigation system can be seen with extraordinary vertical and horizontal channels on overlapped terraces. Water flows from underground to a fountain that distributes water through those channels. It was an important agricultural center.
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