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Sacsayhuaman Archeological Site



Sacsayhuaman was built between the XIV and XV. The work lasted more than five decades to be the work of 20 000 men who were required in the form of tax (mita). All structures were located without requiring that they no longer be part of where they stand, harmoniously integrating deep and sacred time of the landscape category, yielding a massive altar to nature.



And the resort itself, has important natural and architectural parts, which have their own meanings and stories, including:

the Towers:

Keeps Called Muyuccmarca, Paucarmarca, Sallaqmarca. Located on the top of the ramparts (walls zigzag). In Inca times were towers arranged in a straight line at the top of the hill, this place had plenty of water, even today we can still see part of the aqueducts.

Muyucmarca: "Muyuq" means round, "Brand" rediscovered population bases for checks its circular shape, which has three concentric circles all embedded in a square with sides unequal.

Paucarmarca: the south side of Sayaqmarca, is covered with earth, could possibly be square shaped, etymologically "Pauca" means: lively, beautiful, cheerful, garden and "Brand" population. Believed to have been dedicated to the stars

Sallaqmarca: Located next to Muyuccmarca, etymologically "Sallaq" means: rough, rocky, "Marca" means: population. Currently only the foundations of the towers, the buildings were destroyed in the early days of the colony, its foundations covered with earth, and later located and recovered by Dr. Luis E. Valcárcel.

Group of enclosures:

this group of compounds is located at the top of the hill, south and within walking distance of the towers, beautiful rooms are supported on the hill overlooking the city and squares. The rooms themselves have the characteristic of being long and narrow press enter if a series of trapezoidal doors. Its walls are made of irregular polyhedra, with steep sides and edges highly polished.

the Flagship:

They were so named to all three platforms that form a jagged incoming and outgoing formed by walls made of limestone blocks, irregular polyhedra assembled impressive sum perfection. The first Spanish construction attributed to demons, even today says that aliens are those who made this work. These defenses are considered wonderful worldwide.

The Doors:

Located in the center and half of strongholds, trapezoidal shape that served as income for the area of the towers. The three doors referred to are: T'iopunku, Ajawanapunku, Wiracochapunku.

Slide or Suchuna:

Geologically it is a natural formation of greenstone, volcanic modulating emerged on the surface sag and stretch marks by way of slides.

The Throne of the Inca or K'usillucJink'ian:

These words are translated to "where the monkey climbs." It is a succession of seats carved into the rock with a deep sense dioritic aesthetic is in the eastern portion of the hill.


These are kind of underground tunnels and there are two in Sacsayhuaman. The youngest with WarmiK'acchana, short length, distraction of some visitors. The largest is further north, under a large limestone rock, this passage is flooded and you can´t join. According to geologist Dr. Carlos Kalafatovich, these tunnels called chincanas, per share correspond to the undermining of groundwater circulating through the caves.


Cost: Entry included in Tourist Ticket.

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