The Nazca Lines are located in the Pampas de Jumana, Ica region in Peru, South America. Nazca is a town located 500 km south of Lima at about 600 m altitude, the name "Nazca" comes from the ancient and mysterious pre-Inca culture.
The Nazca Lines, also known in the scientific world as "geoglyphs" are one of the most important legacies of the ancient Peruvian pre-Inca cultures. Located in the valleys of Palpa and Nazca in the Peruvian department of Ica, this vast expanse of desert plains exposes its sands enormous geometric shapes in perfect harmony make drawings of animals, plants, objects, humans and gods. On the origin and meaning of these lines, archaeologists and researchers of paranormal events have raised various theories that interpret the set of lines as a huge astronomical calendar or a place of worship built by water cultures Paracas and Nazca.
Numerous figures are in Nazca, particularly in the Pampa de San Jose: geometric figures, meanders, representations animal, plant and human, mazes, and other geometric patterns.
The most representative are the drawings of animals: birds of between 25 and 300 meters long (giant hummingbirds, condors, heron, crane, pelican, seagull, parrot and other), a monkey, a spider, a snail , a lizard, a killer whale of 27 meters, a dog with long legs and tail, two llamas, etc.. In the category of reptiles, a lizard, which was cut to build the South Pan-American Highway, an iguana and a snake. Many of the drawings are mixed with lines and spirals.
Almost all the drawings were made on the flat surface, there are only a few in the hillsides. Almost all the figures that are situated on the slopes represent men. Some are crowned by three or maybe four vertical lines represent the feathers of a ceremonial headdress (Peruvian mummies wearing golden headdresses and feathers).
The figures of the slopes are less defined than the desert perhaps because the stones that have rolled down the slope have erased the details.
Figure of Astronaut
Over thirty even today are geoglyphs found in Nazca Plains. The drawings are less in number compared to the geometric designs consisting of hundreds and hundreds of lines, triangles and quadrangles that cover vast areas of land. His technique was careful construction, surveyors led past the hills and ravines lines without deviating from its original direction.
Technically Nazca lines are perfect. The lines enclose perfection with small deviations along kilometers. The drawings are well proportioned, especially if we consider the dimensions of your drawings.
"The depth of the lines never exceeds 30 cm and some are only surface scratches, but still can be recognized when the sun is low and the relief is accentuated" explains Dr. Reiche in one of the many testimonies which leave the world.
Among the larger geoglyphs are: a bird of nearly 300 m, 180 m of a lizard, a pelican of 135 m, 135 m of a condor, a monkey of 135 meters and a 42 meter spider. These dimensions are of constant admiration from visitors to the area.
Appreciable only from the air
From the ground, these designs go unnoticed. These lines can only be seen in all its immensity from the air, flying over the desert at least two hundred feet high. This shows a large geometrical knowledge of the ancient Peruvians.
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