Located in the district of Ate Vitarte in Lima.
Puruchuco is an archaeological site in Peru that was an administrative center of the Inca period, (1440-1532). The construction of this architectural complex comes from the Inca culture. Puruchuco is located in the sector Huaquerones, a land of pyramids with ramps that contains one of the largest cemeteries in the Inca culture. There are also complex areas such as San Juan de Pariachi and Huaycán. Of these, Puruchuco is the smallest. Therefore, while this monument was the palace of a curaca (ruler) where he lived and managed, should be subject to other curacas with greater responsibility and power. It was excavated and restored by Arturo Jiménez Borja between 1959 and 1961.
Puruchuco was the palace or residence of a Curaca (ruler), the maximum local authority linked to the Inca occupation in the valley of Lima, there he and his family lived. Public building served as a repository of products, processing and redistribution of this property. And at that time, everything that happened was framed in a ceremonial calendar, a portion of this building was dedicated to religious activities. Therefore Puruchuco was divided by architects into 4 areas: A, B, C and D, according to the use that each had.
Seen from the architectural point of view Puruchuco collects constructive tradition from Ichsmas (culture that developed during the Late Intermediate Period -900 to 1450 AD, in the valleys of the Rimac and Lurin) and the Incas, who came later. From them they took the materials and construction techniques as well as some of their designs, like the pyramids with ramps, explained above.
Very close to the "Palace" of Puruchuco, there are a number of mausoleums built of stone and located on the slope of the same hill where the monument was built. In June 1956 he was found by chance one of these tombs with its contents intact. The archaeologist E. Tabio, at the express request of Jiménez Borja, participated in the excavation and reported it in his book published in 1965.
Puruchuco and Incas Rímac Valley
Around 1450, Pachacutec wins the war to Chancas, its main rival, and stands as the ninth ruler of Cusco. This win strengthens and enables the Inca Pachacutec organize an imperial state. A few years after coming to the central coast of Peru (formed by the valleys of Lurin, Rimac and Chillon), annexing the Tawantinsuyu.
From Tuesday to Sunday from 9:00 am to 16:00 pm Entry fee: General: S/5.00 soles / Reduced: S/2.00 soles / School: S/1.00 new sun.
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